Iritis is inflammation of the iris and ciliary body sometimes. It usually occurs in one eye only. If handled properly and fairly early, iritis does not result in permanent damage. In many cases, the cause is unknown iritis.
Iritis is inflammation of the iris (the colored ring surrounding tissue pupil).
Iritis is the most common form of family condition called uveitis. The uvea extends from the front to the back of the eye and consists of the iris, ciliary body behind the iris (the structure that focuses the lens) and the choroid body, which is behind the surface of the eye (the blood vessel-rich layer that lines the back of the eye and the blood supply to the retina).
IRI involving most anterior uveitis, but the ciliary body may be involved as well. In this thing called iridocyclitis.
Some medical conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and Sarcoidosis associated with iritis.
It can also result from infection in other parts of the body (such as herpes zoster, chicken pox or a cold sore virus) that spreads to the eyes.
You also can bring damage to the eye and eye surgery in iritis attacks.
In many cases, the cause is unknown iritis.
Symptoms and signs
Symptoms of iritis include:
Sensitivity to light
Conjunctivitis is usually around the cornea
Floating place in the field of vision
A smaller pupil in the affected eye (sometimes)
In general, not sticky or gritty eyes. These symptoms are more indicative of conjunctivitis.
Instruments called ophthalmologists use slit lamp to examine the inside of the eye and usually makes the diagnosis based on this analysis.
Since iritis may be associated with disease elsewhere in the body, the eye doctor requires a thorough understanding of your overall health. This may include consultation with other specialists.
Ophthalmologist can also ask for blood tests, X-rays and other specialized tests to determine the cause of iritis.
Eye drops (especially steroids such as dexamethasone or prednisolone) and pupil dilator is a drug used to reduce inflammation and pain in the eyes.
Steroid drops may be instilled frequently (in extreme cases, as often as every half hour). Your eye doctor will see you perform again to assess the progress of treatment and will, in accordance with the level of inflammation, reduce or increase the treatment at this stage. If severe iritis or non-responsive, sub-conjunctival injection of steroid use.
Make widen student drops (such as cyclopentolate or atropine) to feel more comfortable and prevent some complications of iritis. This prevents fixed iris lens, called a posterior synechia. However, you may be more sensitive to bright light, loss of ability to focus on close objects, and your vision may be more unlikely.
Uveitis coming from the front or in the middle of the eye (iritis or iridocyclitis) is usually more sudden onset and generally takes six to eight weeks. At this early stage is usually controlled by the frequent use of drops.
The Uveitis in the back of the eye (Choroiditis) is generally slower in the beginning, it may take longer and often more difficult to treat. When uveitis caused by an infection in another part of your body tends to clear once the underlying infection treated.
In most cases, these complications are rare, but they include: glaucoma (high pressure in the eye that cause injuries), cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye) and neovascularisation (formation of new blood vessels).
If left untreated, inflammation of the eye can cause permanent damage and even loss of vision.
When to call the doctor
If you experience severe eye pain, blurred vision, sensitivity to light and air from the eye, or if you see that students are smaller than the others, you should contact your doctor.