Injury or disease causes damage to tissues and organs in the human body. Some types of injuries and diseases have no cure which has called for scientists to dig deeper in to the medical field. One of the inventions that has been a great step in the world of medicine is the transplantation of the hematopoietic stem cells. These stem cells are extracted from the cord which is a simple and painless procedure. Stem cell banking preserves these cells for future use by the same patient or another who is a match.
It is a success in the medical world as it can be used in therapy for congenital or acquired disorders of the hematopoietic system. To know more about this, let us look at the some of its benefits.
Blood from the umbilical cord has cells that have the capability of forming platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells. It is the main reason why major blood disorders such as leukemia are treated by transplantation of the umbilical cord blood stem cells.
Each person usually has these cells right from birth. They are like the building blocks of the body. These cells are beneficial in the treatment of cerebral palsy too. Parents of cerebral palsy babies have the option to save their babies’ cord blood stem cells or check in to a good stem cells bank. However, it is of importance to get all the facts before having this treatment.
Unlike bone marrow collection which is invasive and requires general anesthesia, cord blood collection of stem cells is easy and painless, and is done at the same time as cutting of the cord. These stem cells from the cord blood have reduced risk of post-transplant graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD). This is when the transplanted cells begin to attack the body.
Though costly, cord blood stem cells transplantation is the best option over other forms of stem cells transplantation.