Elderly patients, who were treated for high blood pressure, there are fewer heart attacks, stroke, and congestive heart failure, compared with the same age group with untreated Hypertension.
Benefits of treatment
The study also revealed that the benefits of treating Hypertension even higher for patients older than they are for young hypertensives. This may be due to the risk for cardiovascular disease increases with age.
Changes in the number
Despite reaching the age of 50 certainly does not seem to age, the importance of blood pressure reading may be beginning to change. Systolic blood pressure, the number of restaurants, which closely monitored. For those under 50 years, the systolic and diastolic numbers are equally important. An increased pulse pressure is also a good predictor of cardiovascular events. Pulse pressure is the difference between the systolic and diastolic numbers.
Separate Systolic Hypertension (ISH)
Ish is a condition found in elderly patients, and due to age-related arterial stiffness. It is diagnosed when systolic blood pressure is continuous above 160 mm Hg (high), and diastolic pressure below 90 mm Hg, (within normal limits). Ish is associated with increased stroke and heart problems, and should be treated.
White Coat Hypertension
Condition is surprisingly common in the elderly, and should be distinguished from isolated systolic Hypertension. In this case, the blood pressure reading only increase if taken by doctors, and normal elsewhere. 24-hour monitoring is sometimes necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
Hypertensive therapy in the elderly begins with lifestyle changes. If the blood pressure goal can not be achieved, pharmacological treatment is indicated. Some patients may experience a drop in pressure when changing positions. Therefore, when monitoring of older patients, blood pressure should be repeated after standing for two minutes.
Most elderly patients are essential Hypertension or core, they can be regarded as a younger age. Sometimes only diagnosed at an older age. Hypertension is essentially no obvious reason, but genetic and environmental factors play a role. The same risk factors and lifestyle changes are applicable to all age groups.
Changes in lifestyle
It seems inevitable elevation in blood pressure with age is more prevalent in our Western society. It is a reflection of lifestyle and diet. Changing lifestyle habits is essential for adults Hypertension. Low-salt diet is very important, because many patients seem to be more sensitive to salt with age. Increased intake of potassium, a mineral that philanthropic heart, should emphasize. Not only dietary potassium deficiency often, but a lot of diuretics (water tablets) causes loss of minerals. Training, adapted to the capacity, should be organized and should include stretching for flexibility.
Risk factors add up
The risk for heart disease and stroke increases with age. Older patients are more likely to have co-existing diseases, such as arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular risk increases. Arteriosclerosis When fat deposits are made to the inner lining of blood vessels. It can clog and block the flow. When this occurs in the arteries that supply the kidneys, it can cause secondary Hypertension. Arteriosclerosis can also increase the incidence of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack and stroke. Elderly Patients with Hypertension often target organ damage or clinical cardiovascular disease. All these factors add up to increase the overall risk. However, it also enhances the benefits of treating Hypertension in patients.
If you have suffered a stroke or heart attack before, you are at risk for having another. You survived the first attack, but when you run, many of the same risk factors still exist. A management plan is needed to prevent a recurrence. This is called secondary prevention. The patients have the highest risk at all, and many adults.
Many people believe that older patients can not tolerate the treatment of Hypertension, is not benefiting from it, and went softly. Research shows the response and compliance should be at least as well as the younger group. Benefits, however, were higher in the older group.
Going slow down
In older patients with raised blood pressure, the goal is to lower the pressure in stages for six months. Lifestyle and dietary changes are the first line of therapy. If medication is needed, the type and dose that causes the least side effects is used.