Your skin is the largest organ in your body and if hypothetically you can take your skin off and lay it out, the surface area (depending on the height and size) will be approximately two meters. Therefore, it is important to keep your skin. Understanding the skin and skin conditions and terms associated with it can be confusing, especially since there are a number of terms that sound very similar. This article aims to be a quick guide to some major skin and dermatological terms can be useful in know.
Acne / Acne Vulgaris – Acne is a skin condition that is mainly caused when hair follicles or sebaceous glands are blocked or inflamed. The resulting condition is what most people call the ‘spot’ or ‘acne’ as a term that encompasses all. In fact, the situation varies among patients, with some blackheads or whiteheads have, while more severe cases may involve papules, pustules or cysts. Collagen – Collagen is a protein that is a major part of our cartilage, and skin. Collagen is what gives skin strength – younger people tend to have more collagen while there is a natural decrease in collagen with age. The lack of collagen will result in thinner skin, which makes wrinkles and sagging. Collagen gives our skin strength to withstand stretching.
Contact dermatitis / dermatitis – dermatitis refers only to redness on the skin, it is more of an observation of a late diagnosis of the condition. The term usually refers to dermatitis is often itchy red rash. Contact dermatitis is where you suffer an allergic reaction or rash caused by pressing one thing – it could be an animal, plant or chemical substance. Dermis – The dermis is the layer of skin that lies beneath the epidermis. It is a layer of connective tissue and contains sensitive nerve endings, sebaceous glands, blood vessels and sweat glands. Collagen and elastin fibers in the skin can also be found layer.
Dermabrasion – This term refers to the effectiveness of a more intense form of exfoliation. This is a cosmetic surgery procedure is mainly used to reduce acne scars by abrading the surface layer of the skin. It can also be referred to as’ planning skin. Dermabrasion is often made with fine sandpaper or wire brushes. Elastin – As collagen, elastin is a protein found in skin. Elastin, as the name might suggest, helps the skin to retain its elasticity that is how easy it is to regain its shape after stretching or folding. Once again in a manner similar to collagen, elastin naturally depletes over time reduces the skin’s ability to ‘bounce back’ – leads to wrinkles.
Epidermis – The epidermis is the outer layer of skin is the dermis surface. ‘Epi-‘ is a Greek prefix meaning ‘in’ or ‘above’, so the ‘epidermis’. Protective layer or skin barrier. This is a tough layer of skin that protects us from the outside world but also renewable and constantly shed dead cells and grow new layers. Fibroblast – Fibroblasts large flat cells that are responsible for producing connective tissue. The cells are found throughout the body, not just the skin, and the ability to produce collagen fibres.
Hyperpigmentation is when the excess pigment found in the skin, but this term does not refer to when people have a darker skin tone. Hyperpigmentation is where there is an excess of abnormal pigment in the skin, often in small areas – can be caused by sun damage, acne scarring or inflammation of the skin. Freckles is a common form of hyperpigmentation that do not cause health problems. In more serious cases an underlying cause skin hyperpigmentation can cancer.Hypopigmentation – effective in front of hyperpigmentation hypopigmentation. Where is the excess pigment hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation is lack or loss of skin pigment. Hypopigmentation caused by a decrease or have low levels of melanin production. Vitiligo is one of the main types of hypopigmentation – The condition causes patches of skin hypopigmentation. Albinism is common hypopigmentation: This is where the individual does not have melanin in all.
Inflammation – inflammation is a term used to describe when the skin was treated with injuries, allergies or illness. The tumor is usually where the skin becomes red or tender and may be quite painful. Keratin / keratinocytes – Keratin is a strong protein found in hair and nails and skin keratinocytes are the cells that make up his. Outer layer of the skin, including hair and nails, is actually composed of dead cells. Cells push up from the bottom and can act as a protective coating or insulation for new cell below. Lesion – wound is a wound in the skin that are caused by injury or tissue damage. Luka may abscesses, sores, scabs, or canker. Melanin / Melanocytes – Melanin is the substance that gives color to the skin – it is also referred to as the pigment – and melanocytes and skin cells to produce it. Individuals with a higher amount of melanin will have darker skin tones, while those with less melanin will have a lighter skin color. Although we can not fully protect from the sun, melanin does not provide some protection against UV rays sun.Sebum – Sebum is a substance secreted by the sebaceous glands. Sebum is usually made of keratin, fat and fuel cells. Its main purpose is to act as a lubricant for hair and skin and to stop it from drying out. Sebum also provide some protection against bacteria. Excess sebum can lead acne.
Sebaceous glands – glands sebaceous gland attached to the bottom of the hair follicle. These glands secrete sebum when cells in sebaceous glands burst. Stratum corneum – the term is a name for the skin’s outer layer, this layer is also known as a layer of ‘dead’ or keratin layer. This layer usually consists of dead cells that contain keratin and its main purpose is to provide protection for the more delicate cells found deeper layers skin. Subcutaneous – known as the hypodermis, subcutaneous is the lowest layer of the skin. It is a layer of fat but also contains elastic fibers and blood vessels. The main function is to regulate body temperature and acts almost like a cushion to help prevent injury. Topical Therapy – A topical therapy is a treatment that is applied directly to the skin than you should take it as a pill or an injection. One topical treatment may be cream, ointment, gel or even antibiotic. T-Zone – T-Zone is the area of the face consists of the forehead nose and chin. There are more sebaceous glands on the face and many people feel they have oily t-zone which can cause acne.